Republic Day 2023: Why it is celebrated on January 26; Speech ideas

This year will mark the 74th Republic Day in the country. Abdel Fattah El-Sisi, the President of Egypt, will be the guest of honor on January 26.

Republic Day 2023: Why it is celebrated on January 26; Speech ideas Republic Day 2023
Adarsh Srivastava | Jan 25, 2023 - 5:59 p.m. IST
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NEW DELHI: India celebrates Republic Day on January 26, every year. This year the country is celebrating its 74th Republic Day. Abdel Fattah El-Sisi, the President of Egypt, will be the guest of honor on January 26.

The celebrations will begin with President Draupadi Murmu unfurling the national flag from the Kartavaya Path. Republic Day is celebrated to commemorate the adoption of the Constitution by the country on January 26, 1950.

Republic Day 2023: Why it is celebrated on January 26

Although India gained independence in August 15, 1947, it was not until January 26, 1950 that the Indian Constitution came into effect and the country became a sovereign state. After gaining independence in 1947, a committee was established on August 29 to draft a permanent Constitution with Dr BR Ambedkar as its chairman.

The first session of the Constituent Assembly was held on December 9, 1946, and the last on November 26, 1949, following which the Constitution of India was framed and adopted. This date (January 26) was chosen because the Indian National Congress issued the Declaration of Indian Independence (Purna Swaraj), opposing the Dominion status of the British Regime on January 26, 1929.

Republic Day 2023: Speech ideas for students

Students preparing speeches or taking part in the essay competition can mention the following points on Republic Day;

  • Students can mention in their speech that when was Republic Day celebrated for the first time in the country - in the year 1950. The Indian Constitution came into effect from January 26, 1950
  • Dr. BR Ambedkar headed the drafting committee of the constitution. The country was declared a republic, so this day is celebrated as Republic Day.
  • The Constitution of India is the longest constitution in the world with 444 articles divided into 22 parts, and 12 schedules with 118 amendments till date.
  • Students may also mention that the constitution was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on November 26, 1949 and came into force on January 26, 1950.
  • The first Republic Day parade was organised in 1950 at Irwin Amphitheater (now Major Dhyan Chand Stadium) India. About three thousand Indian military personnel and more than 100 aircraft participated in the 1st Republic Day.

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