58% student suicides in IITs, NITs, central institutions from SC, ST, OBC, minority communities

122 students from IITs, NITs, central universities, other central institutions died by suicide over 2014-21, education ministry told Parliament

58% student suicides in IITs, NITs, central institutions from SC, ST, OBC, minority communities In October, a fourth-year student of engineering physics died at his hostel at IIT Delhi. (Picture source: Wikimedia Commons)
R. Radhika | Dec 20, 2021 - 4:02 p.m. IST
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NEW DELHI: In the past eight years, premier technical institutions and central universities witnessed 58 percent of student suicides from the Scheduled Caste, Scheduled Tribe, and minority communities.

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Government data presented in Lok Sabha on Monday showed that educational institutions like Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), National Institutes of Technology (NITs), Indian Institute of Science, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) along with central universities saw a total of 122 suicide cases.

A majority of suicides were reported from the Other Backward Castes (OBC), especially in Central Universities, the data presented by the education minister Dharmendra Pradhan showed. A total of 41 students from the OBC community died by suicide between 2014 and 2021. A total of 14 such cases were reported in Central Universities; followed by IITs and NITs with 14 and 11 cases respectively. NITs alone reported a total of 30 student suicides in the same period.

Meanwhile, 37 students died by suicide in Central Universities across India of whom 24 students belonged to the SC community. Other prominent institutions like, IISc Bengaluru and IISER witnessed a total of nine suicide deaths among which four were reserved category students.

Also Read| Over 33% of SC, ST, OBC students drop out in Class 10: UDISE+ Report

Indian Institute of Management or IIMs and other centrally funded institutions recorded five and four such cases respectively.

Suicide cases in education institutions between 2014 to 2021


Total

SC

ST

OBC

Minority

IIT

34

5

0

13

0

IIMs

5

0

0

1

0

IISc and IISER

9

3

0

1

0

Central Universities

37

9

1

14

3

IIITs

4

1

1

1

0

NITs

30

6

0

11

0

Other centrally funded institutions (NITIE)

3

0

1

0

0

Total

122

24

3

41

3


IIT suicide case

According to the ministry of education data, the IITs recorded 34 death by suicides of which 18 were from SC and OBC communities. The IITs have repeatedly come under heavy criticism for caste discrimination with several incidents surfacing in the past few months. Several students in engineering students have reported cases of institutional discrimination and explicit threats from teachers in the recent past.

In April, Seema Singh, a teacher in the humanities and social science department of IIT Kharagpur, was heard hurling abuses at an English preparatory class for Dalit and Adivasi students. IIT Kharagpur eventually suspended Singh but only after a massive public outcry.

Earlier in June, a mechanical engineering student, Hari Prasath, studying in the third year at IIT Delhi died by suicide in his hostel. In October, another fourth-year student of engineering physics died at his hostel in IIT Delhi.

In 2016, the suicide case of Rohith Vemula, a 26-year-old PhD student at Hyderabad Central University emerged as the symbol of protest against caste oppression on campus. Vemula died by suicide after being expelled from the university's housing facility.

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